ENGLISH TRANSITIONAL WORDS
Transitional words and phrases are plentiful in English. Some modern English writing experts have advocated reducing the use of connectors and linkers. That is to say that the overuse or misuse of English transitional words should be avoided. For English learners, these words serve a useful purpose or multiple purposes. These words help keep one’s thoughts, words and writing clear; and using them helps the reader or listener to stay on the same page with the speaker or writer. Transitional words can be used as signposts. They enrich speech and written communication and makes the speaker or writer seem more intelligent or more fluent especially when the words are used correctly and judiciously. (One rule of thumb to remember is that you must almost always follow a transitional connector by a comma.)
Transitional words like “additionally,” “therefore,” and “moreover” are used to:
- Show contrast e.g. “By contrast”…
- Add information e.g. “Additionally”…
- Generalize e.g. “Ordinarily”…
- Express results e.g. “As a result”…
- Illustrate or emphasize a point e.g. “Accordingly”…
- Summarize a series of points e.g. “In conclusion”…
- Emphasize, Clarify, Repeat or Reiterate a point e.g. “Clearly”…
- Keep a sequential order to your words or writing and show a time Relationship e.g. “Firstly”…
- Express a comparison, similarities and differences in words or text e.g. “Similarly”…
- Give examples and/or alternatives e.g. “Alternatively”…
- Concede a point e.g. Concededly, “Admittedly”….
Below are a list of transitional words plus an audio and quiz. Free with a monthly pass or premium pass.
LISTEN TO THE AUDIO
[section title=”#1 Showing Contrast”]
- In contrast
- By contrast
- Even though
1) In contrast with normal procedure, my boss asked us to ignore the fire alarm.
2) In contrast to normal procedure, my boss asked us to ignore the fire alarm.
3) The Picasso was expensive; by contrast, the Renoir was not.
4) Learning English is easy; conversely, Learning Sanskrit is hard.
5) The woman is beautiful; by contrast her daughter is totally unattractive.
6) The idea was to have a small wedding; however my mother had other ideas.
7) I dont think I can make it tonight; rather, I would prefer to go home and rest and see you tomorrow.
8) The attorney was insulted by the judge; yet she maintained her composure.
9) This situation is not ideal but I do not have a choice but to go forward with it.
10) The plaintiff did not want to settle the lawsuit; instead, she instructed her lawyer to prepare for trial.
11) Although this multinational has polluted the global environment, no international court has been able to find them liable for gross negligence.
12) Even though I am upset, I will still go through with the plan.
13) Nevertheless, we parted as friends.
14) Despite the urgency of the situation, the paramedics took their time to respond to the 911 call.
[section title=”#2 Adding information”]
- In addition
- Added to that
- As well as
- By the way
- As if that was not enough
- On top of that
1) Additionally, I am fluent in three languages.
2) In addition, I am fluent in three languages.
3) Added to that, I am fluent in three languages.
4) Moreover, this was not one of the terms agreed upon.
5) Furthermore, this was not one of the terms agreed upon.
6) Likewise, this situation is unacceptable.
7) Also, I would like to reiterate my interest in the position.
8) Chinese nationals, as well as Malaysians, were on the doomed flight.
9) Incidentally, nobody informed me that there would be a meeting this morning!
10) By the way, are you going to John’s bachelor’s beer night?
11) Notably, these results are inconclusive.
12) And, it was a grand disaster, if I may say so myself.
13) As if that were not enough, she then proceeded to where red stilettos.
14) On top of that, I was hungry and tired.
15) Plus, she paid for Google advertising.
[section title=”#3 Generalizing”]
- In general
- As usual
- As always
- As a general rule
- More often than not
- In most cases
- For the most part
1) Generally, I don’t like blond perms.
2) In general, PayPal is reliable.
3) Normally, cats and dogs do not get along.
4) As usual, she showed up late.
5) As always, she showed up late.
6) typically, men prefer to ask a woman to marry them; not the other way around.
7) Ordinarily, he is a lot more careful than that.
8) As a general rule, this company likes to avoid litigation.
9) More often than not, I am late for work.
10) In most cases, there appears to be no correlation.
11) For the most part, I am content with my life.
[section title=”#4 Expressing results”]
- For this reason
- As a result
- As a consequence
- Because of this
- In the final analysis
- In the end
- This is why
1) For this reason, I do not recommend this course of action.
2) As a result, the hypothesis is flawed.
3) As a consequence, I cannot make this recommendation.
4) Finally, the other side acquiesced.
5) Because of this, I think we should avoid this course of action.
6) So, it is not a good idea to proceed.
7) Thus, I can only conclude that this is not in our best interest.
8) In the final analysis, it is you who has to make the decision.
9) In the end, correlation appears to equal causation.
10) Accordingly, I propose that you suspend action till further notice.
11) Therefore, the marketing department should change its tactics.
12) This is why the results are the same.
[section title=”#5 Illustrating or emphasizing a point”]
- That is
- That means
- That is to say
- In particular
- Most of all
- Above all
- In Fact
- The fact is
- For example
1) This is, the financial data is inaccurate.
2) That means, language Policy in the EU should remain an issue for each member state to handle.
3) That is to say, the foregoing was in error.
4) Incidentally, I never said that.
5) In particular, what happened in the meeting should never happen again.
* 6) Especially the first one.
7) Most of all, the tribesmen would like assistance with brokering a peace deal.
8) Above all, the primary consideration has to be the kids.
9) In fact, it was mentioned in two clauses in the contract.
10) Actually, this was not addressed in the boilerplate contract.
11) The fact is, you are wrong.
12) Namely, both groups contributed to the negligence.
13) For example, the blue and red colors have been known to oxidize.
[section title=”#6 Summarizing”]
- In summary
- To summarize
- In conclusion
- In short
- To sum it all up
- In the end
- In the final analysis
- On balance
- To sum
- At the end of the day
1) Thus, my conclusion is that my hypothesis is correct.
2) In summary, this sort of thing should never happen again.
3) To summarize, let me begin by reiterating that the results are inconclusive.
4) In conclusion, environmental protection agencies need to get more aggressive with protecting the global environment.
5) Therefore, your position is unsupported by the facts.
6) In short, you cannot do that.
7) To sum it all up, 2014 was a banner year for us.
8) In the end, I must concede that I was wrong.
9) In the final analysis, there is no workable solution for this problem.
10) Overall, the team did okay.
11) Globally, the output was satisfactory but there were internal departments that need to show improvement.
12) On balance, this could have been a much worse scenario.
13) To sum it up, the red team wins.
14) At the end of the day, he gained more than he bargained for.
[section title=”#7 Repetition and emphasis”]
- In other words
- To put it mildly
- That means that
- That is to say that
- Briefly stated
- Put another way
- Please take note that
1) In other words, this proposal lacks persuasion.
2) To put it mildly, I was shocked by their response.
3) Clearly, this can’t happen again.
4) That means that, barring any unforseen developments, I should complete my doctorate in 3 years.
5) That is to say that what you did here was not only unethical, it was also illegal.
6) Briefly stated, she felt threatened by her subordinate’s Superior intelligence.
7) Reiterated, you must have made a mistake.
8) Again, your leadership skills need some fine-tuning.
9) Put another way, I was grossly disappointed.
10) Notably, this center has always been at the center of Parisian culture.
11) Please take note that, effective immediately, I no longer want to a member of this institution.
[section title=”#8 Sequence, Order, Timing, Time Relations”]
- Before that
- In conclusion
- At the same time
- Just then
1) First, I have worked in Madrid.
2) Second, I speak Five languages which include Russian, Swahili, Chinese, French and English.
3) Next, he took his shirt off.
4) After, the boss yelled that she was an incompetent nincompoop.
5) Then, ,her mother started to cry.
6) Last, her husband asked for a divorce.
7) Lastly, I would just like to close by saying that I had a marvelous time and would love to see you again.
8) Finally, please give my regards to your mom.
9) Before that, I worked at Ernst and Young.
10) In conclusion, I think what you did amounts to malfeasance.
11) The cars sped, contemporaneously, in opposite directions.
12) At the same time, I did not think she would have sunk so low as to spy on me from a key hole.
12) Just then, the doorbell rang.
13) Earlier, I plugged the keyhole with toilet tissue.
14) Later, the company hosted a cocktail soiree.
15) Midway through the conference, the speaker collapsed.
16) Simultaneously, the alarms sounded.
[section title=”#9 Comparisons, similarities and distinctions”]
- In the same way
- By contrast
- On the other hand
- In a like manner
- On the flip side
1) Similarly, our firm should aim to be one of the top ten in the world.
2) Likewise, we should want to be the best.
3) In the same way, we should aim to be the best.
4) By contrast, the level of motivation needed to become the best is lacking in our firm.
5) Comparatively speaking, these two languages could not be more different in terms of the amount of time it takes to achieve proficiency.
6) Correspondingly, the data for 2007 also shows a link between a change in administrative personnel and a drop in sales.
7) On the other hand, there is another way to interpret this data.
8) Conversely, when the same rules were applied in this situation, the outcome was not the same.
9) In a like manner, you should not do and say to others what you would not have them do and say to you.
10) On the flip side, social media advertising is very expensive.
[section title=”#10 Giving examples”]
- For example
- Such as
- For instance
- To illustrate
1) For example, this clause does not make sense.
2) Example: Mr Garrette was late 25 times this month.
3) I had numerous duties such as, responding to inquiries; doing research and assisting the director.
4) For instance, she lied Under oath.
5) To illustrate, lets suppose the two cars collided.
6) Namely: the high bulbs with high resolution tend to last longer than the others.
7) Particularly curious was the fact that he went surfing in weather such as that.
8) Including: shirts, pants and blouses.
9) Notably, this only happens on Wednesdays.